|Using qualitative-sociological research methodology, the article explores the phenomenon of standard-setting by transnational administrative networks. Regarding both the enormous problem-solving capacity and the occurring threats for legitimacy, it is examined whether such network-like arrangements are capable of creating their own institutional safeguards and internal mechanisms of control and accountability. As an empirical case for a more detailed reconstruction, the OECD Test Guidelines Programme for the Testing of Chemicals was chosen. As will be argued, the initiative is an almost para¬digmatic example for the emergence of specific checks and balances, and the institutio¬nalization of principles such as fairness and impartiality in a sphere beyond the constitutional state.
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